Merge remote branch 'origin/master' into monad-comp
[ghc.git] / docs / users_guide / flags.xml
1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>
2 <sect1 id="flag-reference">
3 <title>Flag reference</title>
4
5 <para>This section is a quick-reference for GHC's command-line
6 flags. For each flag, we also list its static/dynamic status (see
7 <xref linkend="static-dynamic-flags"/>), and the flag's opposite
8 (if available).</para>
9
10 <sect2>
11 <title>Help and verbosity options</title>
12
13 <para><xref linkend="options-help"/></para>
14
15 <informaltable>
16 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
17 <thead>
18 <row>
19 <entry>Flag</entry>
20 <entry>Description</entry>
21 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
22 <entry>Reverse</entry>
23 </row>
24 </thead>
25 <tbody>
26 <row>
27 <entry><option>-?</option></entry>
28 <entry>help</entry>
29 <entry>mode</entry>
30 <entry>-</entry>
31 </row>
32 <row>
33 <entry><option>-help</option></entry>
34 <entry>help</entry>
35 <entry>mode</entry>
36 <entry>-</entry>
37 </row>
38 <row>
39 <entry><option>-n</option></entry>
40 <entry>do a dry run</entry>
41 <entry>dynamic</entry>
42 <entry>-</entry>
43 </row>
44 <row>
45 <entry><option>-v</option></entry>
46 <entry>verbose mode (equivalent to <option>-v3</option>)</entry>
47 <entry>dynamic</entry>
48 <entry>-</entry>
49 </row>
50 <row>
51 <entry><option>-v</option><replaceable>n</replaceable></entry>
52 <entry>set verbosity level</entry>
53 <entry>dynamic</entry>
54 <entry>-</entry>
55 </row>
56 <row>
57 <entry><option>-V</option></entry>
58 <entry>display GHC version</entry>
59 <entry>mode</entry>
60 <entry>-</entry>
61 </row>
62 <row>
63 <entry><option>&ndash;&ndash;supported-extensions</option> or <option>&ndash;&ndash;supported-languages</option></entry>
64 <entry>display the supported languages and language extensions</entry>
65 <entry>mode</entry>
66 <entry>-</entry>
67 </row>
68 <row>
69 <entry><option>&ndash;&ndash;info</option></entry>
70 <entry>display information about the compiler</entry>
71 <entry>mode</entry>
72 <entry>-</entry>
73 </row>
74 <row>
75 <entry><option>&ndash;&ndash;version</option></entry>
76 <entry>display GHC version</entry>
77 <entry>mode</entry>
78 <entry>-</entry>
79 </row>
80 <row>
81 <entry><option>&ndash;&ndash;numeric-version</option></entry>
82 <entry>display GHC version (numeric only)</entry>
83 <entry>mode</entry>
84 <entry>-</entry>
85 </row>
86 <row>
87 <entry><option>&ndash;&ndash;print-libdir</option></entry>
88 <entry>display GHC library directory</entry>
89 <entry>mode</entry>
90 <entry>-</entry>
91 </row>
92 <row>
93 <entry><option>-ferror-spans</option></entry>
94 <entry>output full span in error messages</entry>
95 <entry>static</entry>
96 <entry>-</entry>
97 </row>
98 <row>
99 <entry><option>-H</option><replaceable>size</replaceable></entry>
100 <entry>Set the minimum heap size to <replaceable>size</replaceable></entry>
101 <entry>static</entry>
102 <entry>-</entry>
103 </row>
104 <row>
105 <entry><option>-Rghc-timing</option></entry>
106 <entry>Summarise timing stats for GHC (same as <literal>+RTS -tstderr</literal>)</entry>
107 <entry>static</entry>
108 <entry>-</entry>
109 </row>
110 </tbody>
111 </tgroup>
112 </informaltable>
113
114 </sect2>
115 <sect2>
116 <title>Which phases to run</title>
117
118 <para><xref linkend="options-order"/></para>
119
120 <informaltable>
121 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
122 <thead>
123 <row>
124 <entry>Flag</entry>
125 <entry>Description</entry>
126 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
127 <entry>Reverse</entry>
128 </row>
129 </thead>
130 <tbody>
131 <row>
132 <entry><option>-E</option></entry>
133 <entry>Stop after preprocessing (<literal>.hspp</literal> file)</entry>
134 <entry>mode</entry>
135 <entry>-</entry>
136 </row>
137 <row>
138 <entry><option>-C</option></entry>
139 <entry>Stop after generating C (<literal>.hc</literal> file)</entry>
140 <entry>mode</entry>
141 <entry>-</entry>
142 </row>
143 <row>
144 <entry><option>-S</option></entry>
145 <entry>Stop after generating assembly (<literal>.s</literal> file)</entry>
146 <entry>mode</entry>
147 <entry>-</entry>
148 </row>
149 <row>
150 <entry><option>-c</option></entry>
151 <entry>Do not link</entry>
152 <entry>dynamic</entry>
153 <entry>-</entry>
154 </row>
155 <row>
156 <entry><option>-x</option> <replaceable>suffix</replaceable></entry>
157 <entry>Override default behaviour for source files</entry>
158 <entry>static</entry>
159 <entry>-</entry>
160 </row>
161 </tbody>
162 </tgroup>
163 </informaltable>
164 </sect2>
165
166 <sect2>
167 <title>Alternative modes of operation</title>
168
169 <para><xref linkend="modes"/></para>
170
171 <informaltable>
172 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
173 <thead>
174 <row>
175 <entry>Flag</entry>
176 <entry>Description</entry>
177 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
178 <entry>Reverse</entry>
179 </row>
180 </thead>
181 <tbody>
182 <row>
183 <entry><option>--interactive</option></entry>
184 <entry>Interactive mode - normally used by just running <command>ghci</command>;
185 see <xref linkend="ghci"/> for details.</entry>
186 <entry>mode</entry>
187 <entry>-</entry>
188 </row>
189 <row>
190 <entry><option>--make</option></entry>
191 <entry>Build a multi-module Haskell program, automatically figuring out dependencies. Likely to be much easier, and faster, than using <command>make</command>;
192 see <xref linkend="make-mode"/> for details..</entry>
193 <entry>mode</entry>
194 <entry>-</entry>
195 </row>
196 <row>
197 <entry><option>-e <replaceable>expr</replaceable></option></entry>
198 <entry>Evaluate <replaceable>expr</replaceable>;
199 see <xref linkend="eval-mode"/> for details.</entry>
200 <entry>mode</entry>
201 <entry>-</entry>
202 </row>
203 <row>
204 <entry><option>-M</option></entry>
205 <entry>Generate dependency information suitable for use in a <filename>Makefile</filename>;
206 see <xref linkend="makefile-dependencies"/> for details.</entry>
207 <entry>mode</entry>
208 <entry>-</entry>
209 </row>
210 </tbody>
211 </tgroup>
212 </informaltable>
213 </sect2>
214
215 <sect2>
216 <title>Redirecting output</title>
217
218 <para><xref linkend="options-output"/></para>
219
220 <informaltable>
221 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
222 <thead>
223 <row>
224 <entry>Flag</entry>
225 <entry>Description</entry>
226 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
227 <entry>Reverse</entry>
228 </row>
229 </thead>
230 <tbody>
231 <row>
232 <entry><option>-hcsuf</option> <replaceable>suffix</replaceable></entry>
233 <entry>set the suffix to use for intermediate C files</entry>
234 <entry>dynamic</entry>
235 <entry>-</entry>
236 </row>
237 <row>
238 <entry><option>-hidir</option> <replaceable>dir</replaceable></entry>
239 <entry>set directory for interface files</entry>
240 <entry>dynamic</entry>
241 <entry>-</entry>
242 </row>
243 <row>
244 <entry><option>-hisuf</option> <replaceable>suffix</replaceable></entry>
245 <entry>set the suffix to use for interface files</entry>
246 <entry>dynamic</entry>
247 <entry>-</entry>
248 </row>
249 <row>
250 <entry><option>-o</option> <replaceable>filename</replaceable></entry>
251 <entry>set output filename</entry>
252 <entry>dynamic</entry>
253 <entry>-</entry>
254 </row>
255 <row>
256 <entry><option>-odir</option> <replaceable>dir</replaceable></entry>
257 <entry>set directory for object files</entry>
258 <entry>dynamic</entry>
259 <entry>-</entry>
260 </row>
261 <row>
262 <entry><option>-ohi</option> <replaceable>filename</replaceable></entry>
263 <entry>set the filename in which to put the interface</entry>
264 <entry>dynamic</entry>
265 <entry></entry>
266 </row>
267 <row>
268 <entry><option>-osuf</option> <replaceable>suffix</replaceable></entry>
269 <entry>set the output file suffix</entry>
270 <entry>dynamic</entry>
271 <entry>-</entry>
272 </row>
273 <row>
274 <entry><option>-stubdir</option> <replaceable>dir</replaceable></entry>
275 <entry>redirect FFi stub files</entry>
276 <entry>dynamic</entry>
277 <entry>-</entry>
278 </row>
279 <row>
280 <entry><option>-outputdir</option> <replaceable>dir</replaceable></entry>
281 <entry>set output directory</entry>
282 <entry>dynamic</entry>
283 <entry>-</entry>
284 </row>
285 </tbody>
286 </tgroup>
287 </informaltable>
288 </sect2>
289
290 <sect2>
291 <title>Keeping intermediate files</title>
292
293 <para><xref linkend="keeping-intermediates"/></para>
294
295 <informaltable>
296 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
297 <thead>
298 <row>
299 <entry>Flag</entry>
300 <entry>Description</entry>
301 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
302 <entry>Reverse</entry>
303 </row>
304 </thead>
305 <tbody>
306 <row>
307 <entry><option>-keep-hc-file</option> or
308 <option>-keep-hc-files</option></entry>
309 <entry>retain intermediate <literal>.hc</literal> files</entry>
310 <entry>dynamic</entry>
311 <entry>-</entry>
312 </row>
313 <row>
314 <entry><option>-keep-llvm-file</option> or
315 <option>-keep-llvm-files</option></entry>
316 <entry>retain intermediate LLVM <literal>.ll</literal> files</entry>
317 <entry>dynamic</entry>
318 <entry>-</entry>
319 </row>
320 <row>
321 <entry><option>-keep-s-file</option> or
322 <option>-keep-s-files</option></entry>
323 <entry>retain intermediate <literal>.s</literal> files</entry>
324 <entry>dynamic</entry>
325 <entry>-</entry>
326 </row>
327 <row>
328 <entry><option>-keep-tmp-files</option></entry>
329 <entry>retain all intermediate temporary files</entry>
330 <entry>dynamic</entry>
331 <entry>-</entry>
332 </row>
333 </tbody>
334 </tgroup>
335 </informaltable>
336 </sect2>
337
338 <sect2>
339 <title>Temporary files</title>
340
341 <para><xref linkend="temp-files"/></para>
342
343 <informaltable>
344 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
345 <thead>
346 <row>
347 <entry>Flag</entry>
348 <entry>Description</entry>
349 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
350 <entry>Reverse</entry>
351 </row>
352 </thead>
353 <tbody>
354 <row>
355 <entry><option>-tmpdir</option></entry>
356 <entry>set the directory for temporary files</entry>
357 <entry>dynamic</entry>
358 <entry>-</entry>
359 </row>
360 </tbody>
361 </tgroup>
362 </informaltable>
363 </sect2>
364
365 <sect2>
366 <title>Finding imports</title>
367
368 <para><xref linkend="search-path"/></para>
369
370 <informaltable>
371 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
372 <thead>
373 <row>
374 <entry>Flag</entry>
375
376 <entry>Description</entry>
377 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
378 <entry>Reverse</entry>
379 </row>
380 </thead>
381 <tbody>
382 <row>
383 <entry><option>-i</option><replaceable>dir1</replaceable>:<replaceable>dir2</replaceable>:...</entry>
384 <entry>add <replaceable>dir</replaceable>,
385 <replaceable>dir2</replaceable>, etc. to import path</entry>
386 <entry>static/<literal>:set</literal></entry>
387 <entry>-</entry>
388 </row>
389 <row>
390 <entry><option>-i</option></entry>
391 <entry>Empty the import directory list</entry>
392 <entry>static/<literal>:set</literal></entry>
393 <entry>-</entry>
394 </row>
395 </tbody>
396 </tgroup>
397 </informaltable>
398 </sect2>
399
400 <sect2>
401 <title>Interface file options</title>
402
403 <para><xref linkend="hi-options"/></para>
404
405 <informaltable>
406 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
407 <thead>
408 <row>
409 <entry>Flag</entry>
410
411 <entry>Description</entry>
412 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
413 <entry>Reverse</entry>
414 </row>
415 </thead>
416 <tbody>
417 <row>
418 <entry><option>-ddump-hi</option></entry>
419 <entry>Dump the new interface to stdout</entry>
420 <entry>dynamic</entry>
421 <entry>-</entry>
422 </row>
423 <row>
424 <entry><option>-ddump-hi-diffs</option></entry>
425 <entry>Show the differences vs. the old interface</entry>
426 <entry>dynamic</entry>
427 <entry>-</entry>
428 </row>
429 <row>
430 <entry><option>-ddump-minimal-imports</option></entry>
431 <entry>Dump a minimal set of imports</entry>
432 <entry>dynamic</entry>
433 <entry>-</entry>
434 </row>
435 <row>
436 <entry><option>--show-iface</option> <replaceable>file</replaceable></entry>
437 <entry>See <xref linkend="modes"/>.</entry>
438 </row>
439 </tbody>
440 </tgroup>
441 </informaltable>
442 </sect2>
443
444 <sect2>
445 <title>Recompilation checking</title>
446
447 <para><xref linkend="recomp"/></para>
448
449 <informaltable>
450 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
451 <thead>
452 <row>
453 <entry>Flag</entry>
454
455 <entry>Description</entry>
456 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
457 <entry>Reverse</entry>
458 </row>
459 </thead>
460 <tbody>
461 <row>
462 <entry><option>-fforce-recomp</option></entry>
463 <entry>Turn off recompilation checking; implied by any
464 <option>-ddump-X</option> option</entry>
465 <entry>dynamic</entry>
466 <entry><option>-fno-force-recomp</option></entry>
467 </row>
468 </tbody>
469 </tgroup>
470 </informaltable>
471 </sect2>
472
473 <sect2 id="interactive-mode-options">
474 <title>Interactive-mode options</title>
475
476 <para><xref linkend="ghci-dot-files"/></para>
477
478 <informaltable>
479 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
480 <thead>
481 <row>
482 <entry>Flag</entry>
483 <entry>Description</entry>
484 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
485 <entry>Reverse</entry>
486 </row>
487 </thead>
488 <tbody>
489 <row>
490 <entry><option>-ignore-dot-ghci</option></entry>
491 <entry>Disable reading of <filename>.ghci</filename> files</entry>
492 <entry>static</entry>
493 <entry>-</entry>
494 </row>
495 <row>
496 <entry><option>-read-dot-ghci</option></entry>
497 <entry>Enable reading of <filename>.ghci</filename> files</entry>
498 <entry>static</entry>
499 <entry>-</entry>
500 </row>
501 <row>
502 <entry><option>-fbreak-on-exception</option></entry>
503 <entry><link linkend="ghci-debugger-exceptions">Break on any exception thrown</link></entry>
504 <entry>dynamic</entry>
505 <entry><option>-fno-break-on-exception</option></entry>
506 </row>
507 <row>
508 <entry><option>-fbreak-on-error</option></entry>
509 <entry><link linkend="ghci-debugger-exceptions">Break on uncaught exceptions and errors</link></entry>
510 <entry>dynamic</entry>
511 <entry><option>-fno-break-on-error</option></entry>
512 </row>
513 <row>
514 <entry><option>-fprint-evld-with-show</option></entry>
515 <entry><link linkend="breakpoints">Enable usage of Show instances in <literal>:print</literal></link></entry>
516 <entry>dynamic</entry>
517 <entry><option>-fno-print-evld-with-show</option></entry>
518 </row>
519 <row>
520 <entry><option>-fprint-bind-result</option></entry>
521 <entry><link linkend="ghci-stmts">Turn on printing of binding results in GHCi</link></entry>
522 <entry>dynamic</entry>
523 <entry><option>-fno-print-bind-result</option></entry>
524 </row>
525 <row>
526 <entry><option>-fno-print-bind-contents</option></entry>
527 <entry><link linkend="breakpoints">Turn off printing of binding contents in GHCi</link></entry>
528 <entry>dynamic</entry>
529 <entry>-</entry>
530 </row>
531 <row>
532 <entry><option>-fno-implicit-import-qualified</option></entry>
533 <entry><link linkend="ghci-import-qualified">Turn off
534 implicit qualified import of everything in GHCi</link></entry>
535 <entry>dynamic</entry>
536 <entry>-</entry>
537 </row>
538
539 </tbody>
540 </tgroup>
541 </informaltable>
542 </sect2>
543
544 <sect2>
545 <title>Packages</title>
546
547 <para><xref linkend="packages"/></para>
548
549 <informaltable>
550 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
551 <thead>
552 <row>
553 <entry>Flag</entry>
554 <entry>Description</entry>
555 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
556 <entry>Reverse</entry>
557 </row>
558 </thead>
559 <tbody>
560 <row>
561 <entry><option>-package-name</option> <replaceable>P</replaceable></entry>
562 <entry>Compile to be part of package <replaceable>P</replaceable></entry>
563 <entry>static</entry>
564 <entry>-</entry>
565 </row>
566 <row>
567 <entry><option>-package</option> <replaceable>P</replaceable></entry>
568 <entry>Expose package <replaceable>P</replaceable></entry>
569 <entry>static/<literal>:set</literal></entry>
570 <entry>-</entry>
571 </row>
572 <row>
573 <entry><option>-hide-all-packages</option></entry>
574 <entry>Hide all packages by default</entry>
575 <entry>static</entry>
576 <entry>-</entry>
577 </row>
578 <row>
579 <entry><option>-hide-package</option> <replaceable>name</replaceable></entry>
580 <entry>Hide package <replaceable>P</replaceable></entry>
581 <entry>static/<literal>:set</literal></entry>
582 <entry>-</entry>
583 </row>
584 <row>
585 <entry><option>-ignore-package</option> <replaceable>name</replaceable></entry>
586 <entry>Ignore package <replaceable>P</replaceable></entry>
587 <entry>static/<literal>:set</literal></entry>
588 <entry>-</entry>
589 </row>
590 <row>
591 <entry><option>-package-conf</option> <replaceable>file</replaceable></entry>
592 <entry>Load more packages from <replaceable>file</replaceable></entry>
593 <entry>static</entry>
594 <entry>-</entry>
595 </row>
596 <row>
597 <entry><option>-no-user-package-conf</option></entry>
598 <entry>Don't load the user's package config file.</entry>
599 <entry>static</entry>
600 <entry>-</entry>
601 </row>
602 <row>
603 <entry><option>-no-auto-link-packages</option></entry>
604 <entry>Don't automatically link in the haskell98 package.</entry>
605 <entry>dynamic</entry>
606 <entry>-</entry>
607 </row>
608 </tbody>
609 </tgroup>
610 </informaltable>
611 </sect2>
612
613 <sect2>
614 <title>Language options</title>
615
616 <para>Language options can be enabled either by a command-line option
617 <option>-Xblah</option>, or by a <literal>{-# LANGUAGE blah #-}</literal>
618 pragma in the file itself. See <xref linkend="options-language"/></para>
619
620 <informaltable>
621 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
622 <thead>
623 <row>
624 <entry>Flag</entry>
625 <entry>Description</entry>
626 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
627 <entry>Reverse</entry>
628 </row>
629 </thead>
630 <tbody>
631 <row>
632 <entry><option>-fglasgow-exts</option></entry>
633 <entry>Enable most language extensions</entry>
634 <entry>dynamic</entry>
635 <entry><option>-fno-glasgow-exts</option></entry>
636 </row>
637 <row>
638 <entry><option>-XOverlappingInstances</option></entry>
639 <entry>Enable <link linkend="instance-overlap">overlapping instances</link></entry>
640 <entry>dynamic</entry>
641 <entry><option>-XNoOverlappingInstances</option></entry>
642 </row>
643 <row>
644 <entry><option>-XIncoherentInstances</option></entry>
645 <entry>Enable <link linkend="instance-overlap">incoherent instances</link>.
646 Implies <option>-XOverlappingInstances</option> </entry>
647 <entry>dynamic</entry>
648 <entry><option>-XNoIncoherentInstances</option></entry>
649 </row>
650 <row>
651 <entry><option>-XUndecidableInstances</option></entry>
652 <entry>Enable <link linkend="undecidable-instances">undecidable instances</link></entry>
653 <entry>dynamic</entry>
654 <entry><option>-XNoUndecidableInstances</option></entry>
655 </row>
656 <row>
657 <entry><option>-fcontext-stack=N</option><replaceable>n</replaceable></entry>
658 <entry>set the <link linkend="undecidable-instances">limit for context reduction</link>. Default is 20.</entry>
659 <entry>dynamic</entry>
660 <entry></entry>
661 </row>
662 <row>
663 <entry><option>-XArrows</option></entry>
664 <entry>Enable <link linkend="arrow-notation">arrow
665 notation</link> extension</entry>
666 <entry>dynamic</entry>
667 <entry><option>-XNoArrows</option></entry>
668 </row>
669 <row>
670 <entry><option>-XDisambiguateRecordFields</option></entry>
671 <entry>Enable <link linkend="disambiguate-fields">record
672 field disambiguation</link></entry>
673 <entry>dynamic</entry>
674 <entry><option>-XNoDisambiguateRecordFields</option></entry>
675 </row>
676 <row>
677 <entry><option>-XForeignFunctionInterface</option></entry>
678 <entry>Enable <link linkend="ffi">foreign function interface</link> (implied by
679 <option>-fglasgow-exts</option>)</entry>
680 <entry>dynamic</entry>
681 <entry><option>-XNoForeignFunctionInterface</option></entry>
682 </row>
683 <row>
684 <entry><option>-XGenerics</option></entry>
685 <entry>Enable <link linkend="generic-classes">generic classes</link></entry>
686 <entry>dynamic</entry>
687 <entry><option>-XNoGenerics</option></entry>
688 </row>
689 <row>
690 <entry><option>-XImplicitParams</option></entry>
691 <entry>Enable <link linkend="implicit-parameters">Implicit Parameters</link>.
692 Implied by <option>-fglasgow-exts</option>.</entry>
693 <entry>dynamic</entry>
694 <entry><option>-XNoImplicitParams</option></entry>
695 </row>
696 <row>
697 <entry><option>-firrefutable-tuples</option></entry>
698 <entry>Make tuple pattern matching irrefutable</entry>
699 <entry>dynamic</entry>
700 <entry><option>-fno-irrefutable-tuples</option></entry>
701 </row>
702 <row>
703 <entry><option>-XNoImplicitPrelude</option></entry>
704 <entry>Don't implicitly <literal>import Prelude</literal></entry>
705 <entry>dynamic</entry>
706 <entry><option>-XImplicitPrelude</option></entry>
707 </row>
708 <row>
709 <entry><option>-XRebindableSyntax</option></entry>
710 <entry>Employ <link linkend="rebindable-syntax">rebindable syntax</link></entry>
711 <entry>dynamic</entry>
712 <entry><option>-XNoRebindableSyntax</option></entry>
713 </row>
714 <row>
715 <entry><option>-XNoMonomorphismRestriction</option></entry>
716 <entry>Disable the <link linkend="monomorphism">monomorphism restriction</link></entry>
717 <entry>dynamic</entry>
718 <entry><option>-XMonomorphismRrestriction</option></entry>
719 </row>
720 <row>
721 <entry><option>-XNoNPlusKPatterns</option></entry>
722 <entry>Disable support for <literal>n+k</literal> patterns</entry>
723 <entry>dynamic</entry>
724 <entry><option>-XNPlusKPatterns</option></entry>
725 </row>
726 <row>
727 <entry><option>-XNoMonoPatBinds</option></entry>
728 <entry>Make <link linkend="monomorphism">pattern bindings polymorphic</link></entry>
729 <entry>dynamic</entry>
730 <entry><option>-XMonoPatBinds</option></entry>
731 </row>
732 <row>
733 <entry><option>-XRelaxedPolyRec</option></entry>
734 <entry>Relaxed checking for <link linkend="typing-binds">mutually-recursive polymorphic functions</link></entry>
735 <entry>dynamic</entry>
736 <entry><option>-XNoRelaxedPolyRec</option></entry>
737 </row>
738 <row>
739 <entry><option>-XExtendedDefaultRules</option></entry>
740 <entry>Use GHCi's <link linkend="extended-default-rules">extended default rules</link> in a normal module</entry>
741 <entry>dynamic</entry>
742 <entry><option>-XNoExtendedDefaultRules</option></entry>
743 </row>
744 <row>
745 <entry><option>-XOverloadedStrings</option></entry>
746 <entry>Enable <link linkend="overloaded-strings">overloaded string literals</link>.
747 </entry>
748 <entry>dynamic</entry>
749 <entry><option>-XNoOverloadedStrings</option></entry>
750 </row>
751 <row>
752 <entry><option>-XGADTs</option></entry>
753 <entry>Enable <link linkend="gadt">generalised algebraic data types</link>.
754 </entry>
755 <entry>dynamic</entry>
756 <entry><option>-XNoGADTs</option></entry>
757 </row>
758 <row>
759 <entry><option>-XGADTSyntax</option></entry>
760 <entry>Enable <link linkend="gadt-style">generalised algebraic data type syntax</link>.
761 </entry>
762 <entry>dynamic</entry>
763 <entry><option>-XNoGADTSyntax</option></entry>
764 </row>
765 <row>
766 <entry><option>-XTypeFamilies</option></entry>
767 <entry>Enable <link linkend="type-families">type families</link>.</entry>
768 <entry>dynamic</entry>
769 <entry><option>-XNoTypeFamilies</option></entry>
770 </row>
771 <row>
772 <entry><option>-XScopedTypeVariables</option></entry>
773 <entry>Enable <link linkend="scoped-type-variables">lexically-scoped type variables</link>.
774 Implied by <option>-fglasgow-exts</option>.</entry>
775 <entry>dynamic</entry>
776 <entry><option>-XNoScopedTypeVariables</option></entry>
777 </row>
778 <row>
779 <entry><option>-XMonoLocalBinds</option></entry>
780 <entry>Enable <link linkend="mono-local-binds">do not generalise local bindings</link>.
781 </entry>
782 <entry>dynamic</entry>
783 <entry><option>-XNoMonoLocalBinds</option></entry>
784 </row>
785 <row>
786 <entry><option>-XTemplateHaskell</option></entry>
787 <entry>Enable <link linkend="template-haskell">Template Haskell</link>.
788 No longer implied by <option>-fglasgow-exts</option>.</entry>
789 <entry>dynamic</entry>
790 <entry><option>-XNoTemplateHaskell</option></entry>
791 </row>
792 <row>
793 <entry><option>-XQuasiQuotes</option></entry>
794 <entry>Enable <link linkend="th-quasiquotation">quasiquotation</link>.</entry>
795 <entry>dynamic</entry>
796 <entry><option>-XNoQuasiQuotes</option></entry>
797 </row>
798 <row>
799 <entry><option>-XBangPatterns</option></entry>
800 <entry>Enable <link linkend="bang-patterns">bang patterns</link>.</entry>
801 <entry>dynamic</entry>
802 <entry><option>-XNoBangPatterns</option></entry>
803 </row>
804 <row>
805 <entry><option>-XCPP</option></entry>
806 <entry>Enable the <link linkend="c-pre-processor">C preprocessor</link>.</entry>
807 <entry>dynamic</entry>
808 <entry><option>-XNoCPP</option></entry>
809 </row>
810 <row>
811 <entry><option>-XPatternGuards</option></entry>
812 <entry>Enable <link linkend="pattern-guards">pattern guards</link>.</entry>
813 <entry>dynamic</entry>
814 <entry><option>-XNoPatternGuards</option></entry>
815 </row>
816 <row>
817 <entry><option>-XViewPatterns</option></entry>
818 <entry>Enable <link linkend="view-patterns">view patterns</link>.</entry>
819 <entry>dynamic</entry>
820 <entry><option>-XNoViewPatterns</option></entry>
821 </row>
822 <row>
823 <entry><option>-XUnicodeSyntax</option></entry>
824 <entry>Enable <link linkend="unicode-syntax">unicode syntax</link>.</entry>
825 <entry>dynamic</entry>
826 <entry><option>-XNoUnicodeSyntax</option></entry>
827 </row>
828 <row>
829 <entry><option>-XMagicHash</option></entry>
830 <entry>Allow "#" as a <link linkend="magic-hash">postfix modifier on identifiers</link>.</entry>
831 <entry>dynamic</entry>
832 <entry><option>-XNoMagicHash</option></entry>
833 </row>
834 <row>
835 <entry><option>-XExplicitForALl</option></entry>
836 <entry>Enable <link linkend="explicit-foralls">explicit universal quantification</link>.
837 Implied by <option>-XScopedTypeVariables</option>,
838 <option>-XLiberalTypeSynonyms</option>,
839 <option>-XRank2Types</option>,
840 <option>-XRankNTypes</option>,
841 <option>-XPolymorphicComponents</option>,
842 <option>-XExistentialQuantification</option>
843 </entry>
844 <entry>dynamic</entry>
845 <entry><option>-XNoExplicitForAll</option></entry>
846 </row>
847 <row>
848 <entry><option>-XPolymorphicComponents</option></entry>
849 <entry>Enable <link linkend="universal-quantification">polymorphic components for data constructors</link>.</entry>
850 <entry>dynamic</entry>
851 <entry><option>-XNoPolymorphicComponents</option></entry>
852 </row>
853 <row>
854 <entry><option>-XRank2Types</option></entry>
855 <entry>Enable <link linkend="universal-quantification">rank-2 types</link>.</entry>
856 <entry>dynamic</entry>
857 <entry><option>-XNoRank2Types</option></entry>
858 </row>
859 <row>
860 <entry><option>-XRankNTypes</option></entry>
861 <entry>Enable <link linkend="universal-quantification">rank-N types</link>.</entry>
862 <entry>dynamic</entry>
863 <entry><option>-XNoRankNTypes</option></entry>
864 </row>
865 <row>
866 <entry><option>-XImpredicativeTypes</option></entry>
867 <entry>Enable <link linkend="impredicative-polymorphism">impredicative types</link>.</entry>
868 <entry>dynamic</entry>
869 <entry><option>-XNoImpredicativeTypes</option></entry>
870 </row>
871 <row>
872 <entry><option>-XExistentialQuantification</option></entry>
873 <entry>Enable <link linkend="existential-quantification">existential quantification</link>.</entry>
874 <entry>dynamic</entry>
875 <entry><option>-XNoExistentialQuantification</option></entry>
876 </row>
877 <row>
878 <entry><option>-XKindSignatures</option></entry>
879 <entry>Enable <link linkend="kinding">kind signatures</link>.</entry>
880 <entry>dynamic</entry>
881 <entry><option>-XNoKindSignatures</option></entry>
882 </row>
883 <row>
884 <entry><option>-XEmptyDataDecls</option></entry>
885 <entry>Enable empty data declarations.</entry>
886 <entry>dynamic</entry>
887 <entry><option>-XNoEmptyDataDecls</option></entry>
888 </row>
889 <row>
890 <entry><option>-XParallelListComp</option></entry>
891 <entry>Enable <link linkend="parallel-list-comprehensions">parallel list comprehensions</link>.</entry>
892 <entry>dynamic</entry>
893 <entry><option>-XNoParallelListComp</option></entry>
894 </row>
895 <row>
896 <entry><option>-XTransformListComp</option></entry>
897 <entry>Enable <link linkend="generalised-list-comprehensions">generalised list comprehensions</link>.</entry>
898 <entry>dynamic</entry>
899 <entry><option>-XNoTransformListComp</option></entry>
900 </row>
901 <row>
902 <entry><option>-XMonadComprehensions</option></entry>
903 <entry>Enable <link linkend="monad-comprehensions">monad comprehensions</link>.</entry>
904 <entry>dynamic</entry>
905 <entry><option>-XNoMonadComprehensions</option></entry>
906 </row>
907 <row>
908 <entry><option>-XUnliftedFFITypes</option></entry>
909 <entry>Enable unlifted FFI types.</entry>
910 <entry>dynamic</entry>
911 <entry><option>-XNoUnliftedFFITypes</option></entry>
912 </row>
913 <row>
914 <entry><option>-XLiberalTypeSynonyms</option></entry>
915 <entry>Enable <link linkend="type-synonyms">liberalised type synonyms</link>.</entry>
916 <entry>dynamic</entry>
917 <entry><option>-XNoLiberalTypeSynonyms</option></entry>
918 </row>
919 <row>
920 <entry><option>-XTypeOperators</option></entry>
921 <entry>Enable type operators.</entry>
922 <entry>dynamic</entry>
923 <entry><option>-XNoTypeOperators</option></entry>
924 </row>
925 <row>
926 <entry><option>-XDoRec</option></entry>
927 <entry>Enable <link linkend="recursive-do-notation">recursive do notation</link>.</entry>
928 <entry>dynamic</entry>
929 <entry><option>-XNoDoRec</option></entry>
930 </row>
931 <row>
932 <entry><option>-XRecursiveDo</option></entry>
933 <entry>Enable <link linkend="mdo-notation">recursive do (mdo) notation</link>. This is deprecated; please use <link linkend="recursive-do-notation">recursive do notation</link> instead.</entry>
934 <entry>dynamic</entry>
935 <entry><option>-XNoRecursiveDo</option></entry>
936 </row>
937 <row>
938 <entry><option>-XPArr</option></entry>
939 <entry>Enable parallel arrays.</entry>
940 <entry>dynamic</entry>
941 <entry><option>-XNoPArr</option></entry>
942 </row>
943 <row>
944 <entry><option>-XRecordWildCards</option></entry>
945 <entry>Enable <link linkend="record-wildcards">record wildcards</link>.</entry>
946 <entry>dynamic</entry>
947 <entry><option>-XNoRecordWildCards</option></entry>
948 </row>
949 <row>
950 <entry><option>-XNamedFieldPuns</option></entry>
951 <entry>Enable <link linkend="record-puns">record puns</link>.</entry>
952 <entry>dynamic</entry>
953 <entry><option>-XNoNamedFieldPuns</option></entry>
954 </row>
955 <row>
956 <entry><option>-XDisambiguateRecordFields</option></entry>
957 <entry>Enable <link linkend="disambiguate-fields">record field disambiguation</link>. </entry>
958 <entry>dynamic</entry>
959 <entry><option>-XNoDisambiguateRecordFields</option></entry>
960 </row>
961 <row>
962 <entry><option>-XUnboxedTuples</option></entry>
963 <entry>Enable <link linkend="unboxed-tuples">unboxed tuples</link>.</entry>
964 <entry>dynamic</entry>
965 <entry><option>-XNoUnboxedTuples</option></entry>
966 </row>
967 <row>
968 <entry><option>-XStandaloneDeriving</option></entry>
969 <entry>Enable <link linkend="stand-alone-deriving">standalone deriving</link>.</entry>
970 <entry>dynamic</entry>
971 <entry><option>-XNoStandaloneDeriving</option></entry>
972 </row>
973 <row>
974 <entry><option>-XDeriveDataTypeable</option></entry>
975 <entry>Enable <link linkend="deriving-typeable">deriving for the Data and Typeable classes</link>.</entry>
976 <entry>dynamic</entry>
977 <entry><option>-XNoDeriveDataTypeable</option></entry>
978 </row>
979 <row>
980 <entry><option>-XGeneralizedNewtypeDeriving</option></entry>
981 <entry>Enable <link linkend="newtype-deriving">newtype deriving</link>.</entry>
982 <entry>dynamic</entry>
983 <entry><option>-XNoGeneralizedNewtypeDeriving</option></entry>
984 </row>
985 <row>
986 <entry><option>-XTypeSynonymInstances</option></entry>
987 <entry>Enable <link linkend="flexible-instance-head">type synonyms in instance heads</link>.</entry>
988 <entry>dynamic</entry>
989 <entry><option>-XNoTypeSynonymInstances</option></entry>
990 </row>
991 <row>
992 <entry><option>-XFlexibleContexts</option></entry>
993 <entry>Enable <link linkend="flexible-contexts">flexible contexts</link>.</entry>
994 <entry>dynamic</entry>
995 <entry><option>-XNoFlexibleContexts</option></entry>
996 </row>
997 <row>
998 <entry><option>-XFlexibleInstances</option></entry>
999 <entry>Enable <link linkend="instance-rules">flexible instances</link>.
1000 Implies <option>-XTypeSynonymInstances</option> </entry>
1001 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1002 <entry><option>-XNoFlexibleInstances</option></entry>
1003 </row>
1004 <row>
1005 <entry><option>-XConstrainedClassMethods</option></entry>
1006 <entry>Enable <link linkend="class-method-types">constrained class methods</link>.</entry>
1007 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1008 <entry><option>-XNoConstrainedClassMethods</option></entry>
1009 </row>
1010 <row>
1011 <entry><option>-XMultiParamTypeClasses</option></entry>
1012 <entry>Enable <link linkend="multi-param-type-classes">multi parameter type classes</link>.</entry>
1013 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1014 <entry><option>-XNoMultiParamTypeClasses</option></entry>
1015 </row>
1016 <row>
1017 <entry><option>-XFunctionalDependencies</option></entry>
1018 <entry>Enable <link linkend="functional-dependencies">functional dependencies</link>.</entry>
1019 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1020 <entry><option>-XNoFunctionalDependencies</option></entry>
1021 </row>
1022 <row>
1023 <entry><option>-XPackageImports</option></entry>
1024 <entry>Enable <link linkend="package-imports">package-qualified imports</link>.</entry>
1025 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1026 <entry><option>-XNoPackageImports</option></entry>
1027 </row>
1028 </tbody>
1029 </tgroup>
1030 </informaltable>
1031 </sect2>
1032
1033 <sect2>
1034 <title>Warnings</title>
1035
1036 <para><xref linkend="options-sanity"/></para>
1037
1038 <informaltable>
1039 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
1040 <thead>
1041 <row>
1042 <entry>Flag</entry>
1043 <entry>Description</entry>
1044 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
1045 <entry>Reverse</entry>
1046 </row>
1047 </thead>
1048 <tbody>
1049 <row>
1050 <entry><option>-W</option></entry>
1051 <entry>enable normal warnings</entry>
1052 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1053 <entry><option>-w</option></entry>
1054 </row>
1055 <row>
1056 <entry><option>-w</option></entry>
1057 <entry>disable all warnings</entry>
1058 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1059 <entry>-</entry>
1060 </row>
1061 <row>
1062 <entry><option>-Wall</option></entry>
1063 <entry>enable almost all warnings (details in <xref linkend="options-sanity"/>)</entry>
1064 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1065 <entry><option>-w</option></entry>
1066 </row>
1067 <row>
1068 <entry><option>-Werror</option></entry>
1069 <entry>make warnings fatal</entry>
1070 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1071 <entry>-Wwarn</entry>
1072 </row>
1073 <row>
1074 <entry><option>-Wwarn</option></entry>
1075 <entry>make warnings non-fatal</entry>
1076 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1077 <entry>-Werror</entry>
1078 </row>
1079
1080 <row>
1081 <entry><option>-fwarn-unrecognised-pragmas</option></entry>
1082 <entry>warn about uses of pragmas that GHC doesn't recognise</entry>
1083 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1084 <entry><option>-fno-warn-unrecognised-pragmas</option></entry>
1085 </row>
1086
1087 <row>
1088 <entry><option>-fwarn-warnings-deprecations</option></entry>
1089 <entry>warn about uses of functions &amp; types that have warnings or deprecated pragmas</entry>
1090 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1091 <entry><option>-fno-warn-warnings-deprecations</option></entry>
1092 </row>
1093
1094 <row>
1095 <entry><option>-fwarn-deprecated-flags</option></entry>
1096 <entry>warn about uses of commandline flags that are deprecated</entry>
1097 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1098 <entry><option>-fno-warn-deprecated-flags</option></entry>
1099 </row>
1100
1101 <row>
1102 <entry><option>-fwarn-duplicate-exports</option></entry>
1103 <entry>warn when an entity is exported multiple times</entry>
1104 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1105 <entry><option>-fno-warn-duplicate-exports</option></entry>
1106 </row>
1107
1108 <row>
1109 <entry><option>-fwarn-hi-shadowing</option></entry>
1110 <entry>warn when a <literal>.hi</literal> file in the
1111 current directory shadows a library</entry>
1112 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1113 <entry><option>-fno-warn-hi-shadowing</option></entry>
1114 </row>
1115
1116 <row>
1117 <entry><option>-fwarn-identities</option></entry>
1118 <entry>warn about uses of Prelude numeric conversions that are probably
1119 the identity (and hence could be omitted)</entry>
1120 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1121 <entry><option>-fno-warn-identities</option></entry>
1122 </row>
1123
1124 <row>
1125 <entry><option>-fwarn-implicit-prelude</option></entry>
1126 <entry>warn when the Prelude is implicitly imported</entry>
1127 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1128 <entry><option>-fno-warn-implicit-prelude</option></entry>
1129 </row>
1130
1131 <row>
1132 <entry><option>-fwarn-incomplete-patterns</option></entry>
1133 <entry>warn when a pattern match could fail</entry>
1134 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1135 <entry><option>-fno-warn-incomplete-patterns</option></entry>
1136 </row>
1137
1138 <row>
1139 <entry><option>-fwarn-incomplete-uni-patterns</option></entry>
1140 <entry>warn when a pattern match in a lambda expression or pattern binding could fail</entry>
1141 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1142 <entry><option>-fno-warn-incomplete-uni-patterns</option></entry>
1143 </row>
1144
1145 <row>
1146 <entry><option>-fwarn-incomplete-record-updates</option></entry>
1147 <entry>warn when a record update could fail</entry>
1148 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1149 <entry><option>-fno-warn-incomplete-record-updates</option></entry>
1150 </row>
1151
1152 <row>
1153 <entry><option>-fwarn-lazy-unlifted-bindings</option></entry>
1154 <entry>warn when a pattern binding looks lazy but must be strict</entry>
1155 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1156 <entry><option>-fno-warn-lazy-unlifted-bindings</option></entry>
1157 </row>
1158
1159 <row>
1160 <entry><option>-fwarn-missing-fields</option></entry>
1161 <entry>warn when fields of a record are uninitialised</entry>
1162 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1163 <entry><option>-fno-warn-missing-fields</option></entry>
1164 </row>
1165
1166 <row>
1167 <entry><option>-fwarn-missing-import-lists</option></entry>
1168 <entry>warn when an import declaration does not explicitly
1169 list all the names brought into scope</entry>
1170 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1171 <entry><option>-fnowarn-missing-import-lists</option></entry>
1172 </row>
1173
1174 <row>
1175 <entry><option>-fwarn-missing-methods</option></entry>
1176 <entry>warn when class methods are undefined</entry>
1177 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1178 <entry><option>-fno-warn-missing-methods</option></entry>
1179 </row>
1180
1181 <row>
1182 <entry><option>-fwarn-missing-signatures</option></entry>
1183 <entry>warn about top-level functions without signatures</entry>
1184 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1185 <entry><option>-fno-warn-missing-signatures</option></entry>
1186 </row>
1187
1188 <row>
1189 <entry><option>-fwarn-missing-local-sigs</option></entry>
1190 <entry>warn about polymorphic local bindings without signatures</entry>
1191 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1192 <entry><option>-fno-warn-missing-local-sigs</option></entry>
1193 </row>
1194
1195 <row>
1196 <entry><option>-fwarn-name-shadowing</option></entry>
1197 <entry>warn when names are shadowed</entry>
1198 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1199 <entry><option>-fno-warn-name-shadowing</option></entry>
1200 </row>
1201
1202 <row>
1203 <entry><option>-fwarn-orphans</option></entry>
1204 <entry>warn when the module contains <link linkend="orphan-modules">orphan instance declarations
1205 or rewrite rules</link></entry>
1206 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1207 <entry><option>-fno-warn-orphans</option></entry>
1208 </row>
1209
1210 <row>
1211 <entry><option>-fwarn-overlapping-patterns</option></entry>
1212 <entry>warn about overlapping patterns</entry>
1213 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1214 <entry><option>-fno-warn-overlapping-patterns</option></entry>
1215 </row>
1216
1217 <row>
1218 <entry><option>-fwarn-tabs</option></entry>
1219 <entry>warn if there are tabs in the source file</entry>
1220 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1221 <entry><option>-fno-warn-tabs</option></entry>
1222 </row>
1223
1224 <row>
1225 <entry><option>-fwarn-type-defaults</option></entry>
1226 <entry>warn when defaulting happens</entry>
1227 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1228 <entry><option>-fno-warn-type-defaults</option></entry>
1229 </row>
1230
1231 <row>
1232 <entry><option>-fwarn-monomorphism-restriction</option></entry>
1233 <entry>warn when the Monomorphism Restriction is applied</entry>
1234 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1235 <entry><option>-fno-warn-monomorphism-restriction</option></entry>
1236 </row>
1237
1238 <row>
1239 <entry><option>-fwarn-unused-binds</option></entry>
1240 <entry>warn about bindings that are unused</entry>
1241 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1242 <entry><option>-fno-warn-unused-binds</option></entry>
1243 </row>
1244
1245 <row>
1246 <entry><option>-fwarn-unused-imports</option></entry>
1247 <entry>warn about unnecessary imports</entry>
1248 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1249 <entry><option>-fno-warn-unused-imports</option></entry>
1250 </row>
1251
1252 <row>
1253 <entry><option>-fwarn-unused-matches</option></entry>
1254 <entry>warn about variables in patterns that aren't used</entry>
1255 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1256 <entry><option>-fno-warn-unused-matches</option></entry>
1257 </row>
1258
1259 <row>
1260 <entry><option>-fwarn-unused-do-bind</option></entry>
1261 <entry>warn about do bindings that appear to throw away values of types other than <literal>()</literal></entry>
1262 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1263 <entry><option>-fno-warn-unused-do-bind</option></entry>
1264 </row>
1265
1266 <row>
1267 <entry><option>-fwarn-wrong-do-bind</option></entry>
1268 <entry>warn about do bindings that appear to throw away monadic values that you should have bound instead</entry>
1269 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1270 <entry><option>-fno-warn-wrong-do-bind</option></entry>
1271 </row>
1272
1273 </tbody>
1274 </tgroup>
1275 </informaltable>
1276
1277 </sect2>
1278 <sect2>
1279 <title>Optimisation levels</title>
1280
1281 <para><xref linkend="options-optimise"/></para>
1282
1283 <informaltable>
1284 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
1285 <thead>
1286 <row>
1287 <entry>Flag</entry>
1288 <entry>Description</entry>
1289 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
1290 <entry>Reverse</entry>
1291 </row>
1292 </thead>
1293 <tbody>
1294 <row>
1295 <entry><option>-O</option></entry>
1296 <entry>Enable default optimisation (level 1)</entry>
1297 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1298 <entry><option>-O0</option></entry>
1299 </row>
1300 <row>
1301 <entry><option>-O</option><replaceable>n</replaceable></entry>
1302 <entry>Set optimisation level <replaceable>n</replaceable></entry>
1303 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1304 <entry><option>-O0</option></entry>
1305 </row>
1306 </tbody>
1307 </tgroup>
1308 </informaltable>
1309
1310 </sect2>
1311 <sect2>
1312 <title>Individual optimisations</title>
1313
1314 <para><xref linkend="options-f"/></para>
1315
1316 <informaltable>
1317 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
1318 <thead>
1319 <row>
1320 <entry>Flag</entry>
1321 <entry>Description</entry>
1322 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
1323 <entry>Reverse</entry>
1324 </row>
1325 </thead>
1326 <tbody>
1327 <row>
1328 <entry><option>-fcase-merge</option></entry>
1329 <entry>Enable case-merging. Implied by <option>-O</option>.</entry>
1330 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1331 <entry><option>-fno-case-merge</option></entry>
1332 </row>
1333
1334 <row>
1335 <entry><option>-fdicts-strict</option></entry>
1336 <entry>Make dictionaries strict</entry>
1337 <entry>static</entry>
1338 <entry><option>-fno-dicts-strict</option></entry>
1339 </row>
1340
1341 <row>
1342 <entry><option>-fmethod-sharing</option></entry>
1343 <entry>Share specialisations of overloaded functions (default)</entry>
1344 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1345 <entry><option>-fno-method-sharing</option></entry>
1346 </row>
1347
1348 <row>
1349 <entry><option>-fdo-eta-reduction</option></entry>
1350 <entry>Enable eta-reduction. Implied by <option>-O</option>.</entry>
1351 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1352 <entry><option>-fno-do-eta-reduction</option></entry>
1353 </row>
1354
1355 <row>
1356 <entry><option>-fdo-lambda-eta-expansion</option></entry>
1357 <entry>Enable lambda eta-reduction</entry>
1358 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1359 <entry><option>-fno-do-lambda-eta-expansion</option></entry>
1360 </row>
1361
1362 <row>
1363 <entry><option>-fexcess-precision</option></entry>
1364 <entry>Enable excess intermediate precision</entry>
1365 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1366 <entry><option>-fno-excess-precision</option></entry>
1367 </row>
1368
1369 <row>
1370 <entry><option>-fignore-asserts</option></entry>
1371 <entry>Ignore assertions in the source</entry>
1372 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1373 <entry><option>-fno-ignore-asserts</option></entry>
1374 </row>
1375
1376 <row>
1377 <entry><option>-fignore-interface-pragmas</option></entry>
1378 <entry>Ignore pragmas in interface files</entry>
1379 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1380 <entry><option>-fno-ignore-interface-pragmas</option></entry>
1381 </row>
1382
1383 <row>
1384 <entry><option>-fomit-interface-pragmas</option></entry>
1385 <entry>Don't generate interface pragmas</entry>
1386 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1387 <entry><option>-fno-omit-interface-pragmas</option></entry>
1388 </row>
1389
1390 <row>
1391 <entry><option>-fmax-worker-args</option></entry>
1392 <entry>If a worker has that many arguments, none will be
1393 unpacked anymore (default: 10)</entry>
1394 <entry>static</entry>
1395 <entry>-</entry>
1396 </row>
1397
1398 <row>
1399 <entry><option>-fsimplifier-phases</option></entry>
1400 <entry>Set the number of phases for the simplifier (default 2).
1401 Ignored with <option>-O0</option>.</entry>
1402 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1403 <entry>-</entry>
1404 </row>
1405
1406 <row>
1407 <entry><option>-fmax-simplifier-iterations</option></entry>
1408 <entry>Set the max iterations for the simplifier</entry>
1409 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1410 <entry>-</entry>
1411 </row>
1412
1413 <row>
1414 <entry><option>-fno-state-hack</option></entry>
1415 <entry>Turn off the "state hack" whereby any lambda with a real-world state token
1416 as argument is considered to be single-entry. Hence OK to inline things inside it.</entry>
1417 <entry>static</entry>
1418 <entry>-</entry>
1419 </row>
1420
1421 <row>
1422 <entry><option>-fcse</option></entry>
1423 <entry>Turn on common sub-expression elimination. Implied by <option>-O</option>.</entry>
1424 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1425 <entry>-fno-cse</entry>
1426 </row>
1427
1428 <row>
1429 <entry><option>-fspecialise</option></entry>
1430 <entry>Turn on specialisation of overloaded functions. Implied by <option>-O</option>.</entry>
1431 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1432 <entry>-fno-specialise</entry>
1433 </row>
1434
1435 <row>
1436 <entry><option>-ffull-laziness</option></entry>
1437 <entry>Turn on full laziness (floating bindings outwards). Implied by <option>-O</option>.</entry>
1438 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1439 <entry>-fno-full-laziness</entry>
1440 </row>
1441
1442 <row>
1443 <entry><option>-ffloat-in</option></entry>
1444 <entry>Turn on the float-in transformation. Implied by <option>-O</option>.</entry>
1445 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1446 <entry>-fno-float-in</entry>
1447 </row>
1448
1449 <row>
1450 <entry><option>-fenable-rewrite-rules</option></entry>
1451 <entry>Switch on all rewrite rules (including rules
1452 generated by automatic specialisation of overloaded functions).
1453 Implied by <option>-O</option>. </entry>
1454 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1455 <entry><option>-fno-enable-rewrite-rules</option></entry>
1456 </row>
1457
1458 <row>
1459 <entry><option>-fstrictness</option></entry>
1460 <entry>Turn on strictness analysis. Implied by <option>-O</option>.</entry>
1461 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1462 <entry>-fno-strictness</entry>
1463 </row>
1464
1465 <row>
1466 <entry><option>-fstrictness=before</option>=<replaceable>n</replaceable></entry>
1467 <entry>Run an additional strictness analysis before simplifier
1468 phase <replaceable>n</replaceable></entry>
1469 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1470 <entry>-</entry>
1471 </row>
1472
1473 <row>
1474 <entry><option>-fspec-constr</option></entry>
1475 <entry>Turn on the SpecConstr transformation. Implied by <option>-O2</option>.</entry>
1476 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1477 <entry>-fno-spec-constr</entry>
1478 </row>
1479
1480 <row>
1481 <entry><option>-fspec-constr-threshold</option>=<replaceable>n</replaceable></entry>
1482 <entry>Set the size threshold for the SpecConstr transformation to <replaceable>n</replaceable> (default: 200)</entry>
1483 <entry>static</entry>
1484 <entry><option>-fno-spec-constr-threshold</option></entry>
1485 </row>
1486
1487 <row>
1488 <entry><option>-fspec-constr-count</option>=<replaceable>n</replaceable></entry>
1489 <entry>Set to <replaceable>n</replaceable> (default: 3) the maximum number of
1490 specialisations that will be created for any one function
1491 by the SpecConstr transformation</entry>
1492 <entry>static</entry>
1493 <entry><option>-fno-spec-constr-count</option></entry>
1494 </row>
1495
1496 <row>
1497 <entry><option>-fliberate-case</option></entry>
1498 <entry>Turn on the liberate-case transformation. Implied by <option>-O2</option>.</entry>
1499 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1500 <entry>-fno-liberate-case</entry>
1501 </row>
1502
1503 <row>
1504 <entry><option>-fstatic-argument-transformation</option></entry>
1505 <entry>Turn on the static argument transformation. Implied by <option>-O2</option>.</entry>
1506 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1507 <entry>-fno-static-argument-transformation</entry>
1508 </row>
1509
1510 <row>
1511 <entry><option>-fliberate-case-threshold</option>=<replaceable>n</replaceable></entry>
1512 <entry>Set the size threshold for the liberate-case transformation to <replaceable>n</replaceable> (default: 200)</entry>
1513 <entry>static</entry>
1514 <entry><option>-fno-liberate-case-threshold</option></entry>
1515 </row>
1516
1517 <row>
1518 <entry><option>-funbox-strict-fields</option></entry>
1519 <entry>Flatten strict constructor fields</entry>
1520 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1521 <entry><option>-fno-unbox-strict-fields</option></entry>
1522 </row>
1523
1524 <row>
1525 <entry><option>-funfolding-creation-threshold</option></entry>
1526 <entry>Tweak unfolding settings</entry>
1527 <entry>static</entry>
1528 <entry><option>-fno-unfolding-creation-threshold</option></entry>
1529 </row>
1530
1531 <row>
1532 <entry><option>-funfolding-fun-discount</option></entry>
1533 <entry>Tweak unfolding settings</entry>
1534 <entry>static</entry>
1535 <entry><option>-fno-unfolding-fun-discount</option></entry>
1536 </row>
1537
1538 <row>
1539 <entry><option>-funfolding-keeness-factor</option></entry>
1540 <entry>Tweak unfolding settings</entry>
1541 <entry>static</entry>
1542 <entry><option>-fno-unfolding-keeness-factor</option></entry>
1543 </row>
1544
1545 <row>
1546 <entry><option>-funfolding-use-threshold</option></entry>
1547 <entry>Tweak unfolding settings</entry>
1548 <entry>static</entry>
1549 <entry><option>-fno-unfolding-use-threshold</option></entry>
1550 </row>
1551
1552 <row>
1553 <entry><option>-fno-pre-inlining</option></entry>
1554 <entry>Turn off pre-inlining</entry>
1555 <entry>static</entry>
1556 <entry>-</entry>
1557 </row>
1558
1559 <row>
1560 <entry><option>-fno-opt-coercion</option></entry>
1561 <entry>Turn off the coercion optimiser</entry>
1562 <entry>static</entry>
1563 <entry>-</entry>
1564 </row>
1565
1566 <row>
1567 <entry><option>-feager-blackholing</option></entry>
1568 <entry>Turn on <link linkend="parallel-compile-options">eager blackholing</link></entry>
1569 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1570 <entry>-</entry>
1571 </row>
1572 </tbody>
1573 </tgroup>
1574 </informaltable>
1575 </sect2>
1576
1577 <sect2>
1578 <title>Profiling options</title>
1579
1580 <para><xref linkend="profiling"/></para>
1581
1582 <informaltable>
1583 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
1584 <thead>
1585 <row>
1586 <entry>Flag</entry>
1587 <entry>Description</entry>
1588 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
1589 <entry>Reverse</entry>
1590 </row>
1591 </thead>
1592 <tbody>
1593 <row>
1594 <entry><option>-auto</option></entry>
1595 <entry>Auto-add <literal>_scc_</literal>s to all
1596 exported functions not marked INLINE</entry>
1597 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1598 <entry><option>-no-auto</option></entry>
1599 </row>
1600 <row>
1601 <entry><option>-auto-all</option></entry>
1602 <entry>Auto-add <literal>_scc_</literal>s to all
1603 top-level functions not marked INLINE</entry>
1604 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1605 <entry><option>-no-auto-all</option></entry>
1606 </row>
1607 <row>
1608 <entry><option>-caf-all</option></entry>
1609 <entry>Auto-add <literal>_scc_</literal>s to all CAFs</entry>
1610 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1611 <entry><option>-no-caf-all</option></entry>
1612 </row>
1613 <row>
1614 <entry><option>-prof</option></entry>
1615 <entry>Turn on profiling</entry>
1616 <entry>static</entry>
1617 <entry>-</entry>
1618 </row>
1619 <row>
1620 <entry><option>-ticky</option></entry>
1621 <entry><link linkend="ticky-ticky">Turn on ticky-ticky profiling</link></entry>
1622 <entry>static</entry>
1623 <entry>-</entry>
1624 </row>
1625 </tbody>
1626 </tgroup>
1627 </informaltable>
1628 </sect2>
1629
1630 <sect2>
1631 <title>Program coverage options</title>
1632
1633 <para><xref linkend="hpc"/></para>
1634
1635 <informaltable>
1636 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
1637 <thead>
1638 <row>
1639 <entry>Flag</entry>
1640 <entry>Description</entry>
1641 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
1642 <entry>Reverse</entry>
1643 </row>
1644 </thead>
1645 <tbody>
1646 <row>
1647 <entry><option>-fhpc</option></entry>
1648 <entry>Turn on Haskell program coverage instrumentation</entry>
1649 <entry>static</entry>
1650 <entry><option>-</option></entry>
1651 </row>
1652 <row>
1653 <entry><option>-hpcdir dir</option></entry>
1654 <entry>Directory to deposit .mix files during compilation (default is .hpc)</entry>
1655 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1656 <entry><option>-</option></entry>
1657 </row>
1658 </tbody>
1659 </tgroup>
1660 </informaltable>
1661 </sect2>
1662
1663 <sect2>
1664 <title>Haskell pre-processor options</title>
1665
1666 <para><xref linkend="pre-processor"/></para>
1667
1668 <informaltable>
1669 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
1670 <thead>
1671 <row>
1672 <entry>Flag</entry>
1673 <entry>Description</entry>
1674 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
1675 <entry>Reverse</entry>
1676 </row>
1677 </thead>
1678 <tbody>
1679 <row>
1680 <entry><option>-F</option></entry>
1681 <entry>
1682 Enable the use of a pre-processor
1683 (set with <option>-pgmF</option>)
1684 </entry>
1685 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1686 <entry>-</entry>
1687 </row>
1688 </tbody>
1689 </tgroup>
1690 </informaltable>
1691 </sect2>
1692
1693 <sect2>
1694 <title>C pre-processor options</title>
1695
1696 <para><xref linkend="c-pre-processor"/></para>
1697
1698 <informaltable>
1699 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
1700 <thead>
1701 <row>
1702 <entry>Flag</entry>
1703 <entry>Description</entry>
1704 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
1705 <entry>Reverse</entry>
1706 </row>
1707 </thead>
1708 <tbody>
1709 <row>
1710 <entry><option>-cpp</option></entry>
1711 <entry>Run the C pre-processor on Haskell source files</entry>
1712 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1713 <entry>-</entry>
1714 </row>
1715 <row>
1716 <entry><option>-D</option><replaceable>symbol</replaceable><optional>=<replaceable>value</replaceable></optional></entry>
1717 <entry>Define a symbol in the C pre-processor</entry>
1718 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1719 <entry><option>-U</option><replaceable>symbol</replaceable></entry>
1720 </row>
1721 <row>
1722 <entry><option>-U</option><replaceable>symbol</replaceable></entry>
1723 <entry>Undefine a symbol in the C pre-processor</entry>
1724 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1725 <entry>-</entry>
1726 </row>
1727 <row>
1728 <entry><option>-I</option><replaceable>dir</replaceable></entry>
1729 <entry>Add <replaceable>dir</replaceable> to the
1730 directory search list for <literal>#include</literal> files</entry>
1731 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1732 <entry>-</entry>
1733 </row>
1734 </tbody>
1735 </tgroup>
1736 </informaltable>
1737 </sect2>
1738
1739 <sect2>
1740 <title>Code generation options</title>
1741
1742 <para><xref linkend="options-codegen"/></para>
1743
1744 <informaltable>
1745 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
1746 <thead>
1747 <row>
1748 <entry>Flag</entry>
1749 <entry>Description</entry>
1750 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
1751 <entry>Reverse</entry>
1752 </row>
1753 </thead>
1754 <tbody>
1755 <row>
1756 <entry><option>-fasm</option></entry>
1757 <entry>Use the native code generator</entry>
1758 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1759 <entry>-fllvm</entry>
1760 </row>
1761 <row>
1762 <entry><option>-fllvm</option></entry>
1763 <entry>Compile via LLVM</entry>
1764 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1765 <entry>-fasm</entry>
1766 </row>
1767 <row>
1768 <entry><option>-fno-code</option></entry>
1769 <entry>Omit code generation</entry>
1770 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1771 <entry>-</entry>
1772 </row>
1773 <row>
1774 <entry><option>-fbyte-code</option></entry>
1775 <entry>Generate byte-code</entry>
1776 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1777 <entry>-</entry>
1778 </row>
1779 <row>
1780 <entry><option>-fobject-code</option></entry>
1781 <entry>Generate object code</entry>
1782 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1783 <entry>-</entry>
1784 </row>
1785 </tbody>
1786 </tgroup>
1787 </informaltable>
1788 </sect2>
1789
1790 <sect2>
1791 <title>Linking options</title>
1792
1793 <para><xref linkend="options-linker"/></para>
1794
1795 <informaltable>
1796 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
1797 <thead>
1798 <row>
1799 <entry>Flag</entry>
1800 <entry>Description</entry>
1801 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
1802 <entry>Reverse</entry>
1803 </row>
1804 </thead>
1805 <tbody>
1806 <row>
1807 <entry><option>-shared</option></entry>
1808 <entry>Generate a shared library (as opposed to an executable)</entry>
1809 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1810 <entry>-</entry>
1811 </row>
1812 <row>
1813 <entry><option>-fPIC</option></entry>
1814 <entry>Generate position-independent code (where available)</entry>
1815 <entry>static</entry>
1816 <entry>-</entry>
1817 </row>
1818 <row>
1819 <entry><option>-dynamic</option></entry>
1820 <entry>Use dynamic Haskell libraries (if available)</entry>
1821 <entry>static</entry>
1822 <entry>-</entry>
1823 </row>
1824 <row>
1825 <entry><option>-dynload</option></entry>
1826 <entry>Selects one of a number of modes for finding shared
1827 libraries at runtime.</entry>
1828 <entry>static</entry>
1829 <entry>-</entry>
1830 </row>
1831 <row>
1832 <entry><option>-framework</option> <replaceable>name</replaceable></entry>
1833 <entry>On Darwin/MacOS X only, link in the framework <replaceable>name</replaceable>.
1834 This option corresponds to the <option>-framework</option> option for Apple's Linker.</entry>
1835 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1836 <entry>-</entry>
1837 </row>
1838 <row>
1839 <entry><option>-framework-path</option> <replaceable>name</replaceable></entry>
1840 <entry>On Darwin/MacOS X only, add <replaceable>dir</replaceable> to the list of
1841 directories searched for frameworks.
1842 This option corresponds to the <option>-F</option> option for Apple's Linker.</entry>
1843 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1844 <entry>-</entry>
1845 </row>
1846 <row>
1847 <entry><option>-l</option><replaceable>lib</replaceable></entry>
1848 <entry>Link in library <replaceable>lib</replaceable></entry>
1849 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1850 <entry>-</entry>
1851 </row>
1852 <row>
1853 <entry><option>-L</option><replaceable>dir</replaceable></entry>
1854 <entry>Add <replaceable>dir</replaceable> to the list of
1855 directories searched for libraries</entry>
1856 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1857 <entry>-</entry>
1858 </row>
1859 <row>
1860 <entry><option>-main-is</option></entry>
1861 <entry>Set main module and function</entry>
1862 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1863 <entry>-</entry>
1864 </row>
1865 <row>
1866 <entry><option>--mk-dll</option></entry>
1867 <entry>DLL-creation mode (Windows only)</entry>
1868 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1869 <entry>-</entry>
1870 </row>
1871 <row>
1872 <entry><option>-no-hs-main</option></entry>
1873 <entry>Don't assume this program contains <literal>main</literal></entry>
1874 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1875 <entry>-</entry>
1876 </row>
1877 <row>
1878 <entry><option>-rtsopts</option>, <option>-rtsopts={none,some,all}</option></entry>
1879 <entry>Control whether the RTS behaviour can be tweaked via command-line
1880 flags and the <literal>GHCRTS</literal> environment
1881 variable. Using <literal>none</literal> means no RTS flags can be given; <literal>some</literal> means only a minimum of safe options can be given (the default), and <literal>all</literal> (or no argument at all) means that all RTS flags are permitted.</entry>
1882 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1883 <entry>-</entry>
1884 </row>
1885 <row>
1886 <entry><option>-with-rtsopts=<replaceable>opts</replaceable></option></entry>
1887 <entry>Set the default RTS options to
1888 <replaceable>opts</replaceable>.</entry>
1889 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1890 <entry>-</entry>
1891 </row>
1892 <row>
1893 <entry><option>-no-link</option></entry>
1894 <entry>Omit linking</entry>
1895 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1896 <entry>-</entry>
1897 </row>
1898 <row>
1899 <entry><option>-split-objs</option></entry>
1900 <entry>Split objects (for libraries)</entry>
1901 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1902 <entry>-</entry>
1903 </row>
1904 <row>
1905 <entry><option>-static</option></entry>
1906 <entry>Use static Haskell libraries</entry>
1907 <entry>static</entry>
1908 <entry>-</entry>
1909 </row>
1910 <row>
1911 <entry><option>-threaded</option></entry>
1912 <entry>Use the threaded runtime</entry>
1913 <entry>static</entry>
1914 <entry>-</entry>
1915 </row>
1916 <row>
1917 <entry><option>-debug</option></entry>
1918 <entry>Use the debugging runtime</entry>
1919 <entry>static</entry>
1920 <entry>-</entry>
1921 </row>
1922 <row>
1923 <entry><option>-eventlog</option></entry>
1924 <entry>Enable runtime event tracing</entry>
1925 <entry>static</entry>
1926 <entry>-</entry>
1927 </row>
1928 <row>
1929 <entry><option>-fno-gen-manifest</option></entry>
1930 <entry>Do not generate a manifest file (Windows only)</entry>
1931 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1932 <entry>-</entry>
1933 </row>
1934 <row>
1935 <entry><option>-fno-embed-manifest</option></entry>
1936 <entry>Do not embed the manifest in the executable (Windows only)</entry>
1937 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1938 <entry>-</entry>
1939 </row>
1940 <row>
1941 <entry><option>-fno-shared-implib</option></entry>
1942 <entry>Don't generate an import library for a DLL (Windows only)</entry>
1943 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1944 <entry>-</entry>
1945 </row>
1946 <row>
1947 <entry><option>-dylib-install-name</option> <replaceable>path</replaceable></entry>
1948 <entry>Set the install name (via <literal>-install_name</literal> passed to Apple's
1949 linker), specifying the full install path of the library file. Any libraries
1950 or executables that link with it later will pick up that path as their
1951 runtime search location for it. (Darwin/MacOS X only)</entry>
1952 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1953 <entry>-</entry>
1954 </row>
1955 </tbody>
1956 </tgroup>
1957 </informaltable>
1958 </sect2>
1959
1960 <sect2>
1961 <title>Replacing phases</title>
1962
1963 <para><xref linkend="replacing-phases"/></para>
1964
1965 <informaltable>
1966 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
1967 <thead>
1968 <row>
1969 <entry>Flag</entry>
1970 <entry>Description</entry>
1971 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
1972 <entry>Reverse</entry>
1973 </row>
1974 </thead>
1975 <tbody>
1976 <row>
1977 <entry><option>-pgmL</option> <replaceable>cmd</replaceable></entry>
1978 <entry>Use <replaceable>cmd</replaceable> as the literate pre-processor</entry>
1979 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1980 <entry>-</entry>
1981 </row>
1982 <row>
1983 <entry><option>-pgmP</option> <replaceable>cmd</replaceable></entry>
1984 <entry>Use <replaceable>cmd</replaceable> as the C
1985 pre-processor (with <option>-cpp</option> only)</entry>
1986 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1987 <entry>-</entry>
1988 </row>
1989 <row>
1990 <entry><option>-pgmc</option> <replaceable>cmd</replaceable></entry>
1991 <entry>Use <replaceable>cmd</replaceable> as the C compiler</entry>
1992 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1993 <entry>-</entry>
1994 <row>
1995 <entry><option>-pgmlo</option> <replaceable>cmd</replaceable></entry>
1996 <entry>Use <replaceable>cmd</replaceable> as the LLVM optimiser</entry>
1997 <entry>dynamic</entry>
1998 <entry>-</entry>
1999 </row>
2000 <row>
2001 <entry><option>-pgmlc</option> <replaceable>cmd</replaceable></entry>
2002 <entry>Use <replaceable>cmd</replaceable> as the LLVM compiler</entry>
2003 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2004 <entry>-</entry>
2005 </row>
2006 </row>
2007 <row>
2008 <entry><option>-pgms</option> <replaceable>cmd</replaceable></entry>
2009 <entry>Use <replaceable>cmd</replaceable> as the splitter</entry>
2010 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2011 <entry>-</entry>
2012 </row>
2013 <row>
2014 <entry><option>-pgma</option> <replaceable>cmd</replaceable></entry>
2015 <entry>Use <replaceable>cmd</replaceable> as the assembler</entry>
2016 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2017 <entry>-</entry>
2018 </row>
2019 <row>
2020 <entry><option>-pgml</option> <replaceable>cmd</replaceable></entry>
2021 <entry>Use <replaceable>cmd</replaceable> as the linker</entry>
2022 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2023 <entry>-</entry>
2024 </row>
2025 <row>
2026 <entry><option>-pgmdll</option> <replaceable>cmd</replaceable></entry>
2027 <entry>Use <replaceable>cmd</replaceable> as the DLL generator</entry>
2028 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2029 <entry>-</entry>
2030 </row>
2031 <row>
2032 <entry><option>-pgmF</option> <replaceable>cmd</replaceable></entry>
2033 <entry>Use <replaceable>cmd</replaceable> as the pre-processor
2034 (with <option>-F</option> only)</entry>
2035 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2036 <entry>-</entry>
2037 </row>
2038 <row>
2039 <entry><option>-pgmwindres</option> <replaceable>cmd</replaceable></entry>
2040 <entry>Use <replaceable>cmd</replaceable> as the program for
2041 embedding manifests on Windows.</entry>
2042 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2043 <entry>-</entry>
2044 </row>
2045 </tbody>
2046 </tgroup>
2047 </informaltable>
2048 <indexterm><primary><option>-pgmL</option></primary></indexterm>
2049 <indexterm><primary><option>-pgmP</option></primary></indexterm>
2050 <indexterm><primary><option>-pgmc</option></primary></indexterm>
2051 <indexterm><primary><option>-pgmlo</option></primary></indexterm>
2052 <indexterm><primary><option>-pgmlc</option></primary></indexterm>
2053 <indexterm><primary><option>-pgma</option></primary></indexterm>
2054 <indexterm><primary><option>-pgml</option></primary></indexterm>
2055 <indexterm><primary><option>-pgmdll</option></primary></indexterm>
2056 <indexterm><primary><option>-pgmF</option></primary></indexterm>
2057
2058 </sect2>
2059
2060 <sect2>
2061 <title>Forcing options to particular phases</title>
2062
2063 <para><xref linkend="forcing-options-through"/></para>
2064
2065 <informaltable>
2066 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
2067 <thead>
2068 <row>
2069 <entry>Flag</entry>
2070 <entry>Description</entry>
2071 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
2072 <entry>Reverse</entry>
2073 </row>
2074 </thead>
2075 <tbody>
2076 <row>
2077 <entry><option>-optL</option> <replaceable>option</replaceable></entry>
2078 <entry>pass <replaceable>option</replaceable> to the literate pre-processor</entry>
2079 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2080 <entry>-</entry>
2081 </row>
2082 <row>
2083 <entry><option>-optP</option> <replaceable>option</replaceable></entry>
2084 <entry>pass <replaceable>option</replaceable> to cpp (with
2085 <option>-cpp</option> only)</entry>
2086 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2087 <entry>-</entry>
2088 </row>
2089 <row>
2090 <entry><option>-optF</option> <replaceable>option</replaceable></entry>
2091 <entry>pass <replaceable>option</replaceable> to the
2092 custom pre-processor</entry>
2093 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2094 <entry>-</entry>
2095 </row>
2096 <row>
2097 <entry><option>-optc</option> <replaceable>option</replaceable></entry>
2098 <entry>pass <replaceable>option</replaceable> to the C compiler</entry>
2099 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2100 <entry>-</entry>
2101 </row>
2102 <row>
2103 <entry><option>-optlo</option> <replaceable>option</replaceable></entry>
2104 <entry>pass <replaceable>option</replaceable> to the LLVM optimiser</entry>
2105 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2106 <entry>-</entry>
2107 </row>
2108 <row>
2109 <entry><option>-optlc</option> <replaceable>option</replaceable></entry>
2110 <entry>pass <replaceable>option</replaceable> to the LLVM compiler</entry>
2111 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2112 <entry>-</entry>
2113 </row>
2114 <row>
2115 <entry><option>-optm</option> <replaceable>option</replaceable></entry>
2116 <entry>pass <replaceable>option</replaceable> to the mangler</entry>
2117 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2118 <entry>-</entry>
2119 </row>
2120 <row>
2121 <entry><option>-opta</option> <replaceable>option</replaceable></entry>
2122 <entry>pass <replaceable>option</replaceable> to the assembler</entry>
2123 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2124 <entry>-</entry>
2125 </row>
2126 <row>
2127 <entry><option>-optl</option> <replaceable>option</replaceable></entry>
2128 <entry>pass <replaceable>option</replaceable> to the linker</entry>
2129 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2130 <entry>-</entry>
2131 </row>
2132 <row>
2133 <entry><option>-optdll</option> <replaceable>option</replaceable></entry>
2134 <entry>pass <replaceable>option</replaceable> to the DLL generator</entry>
2135 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2136 <entry>-</entry>
2137 </row>
2138 <row>
2139 <entry><option>-optwindres</option> <replaceable>option</replaceable></entry>
2140 <entry>pass <replaceable>option</replaceable> to <literal>windres</literal>.</entry>
2141 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2142 <entry>-</entry>
2143 </row>
2144 </tbody>
2145 </tgroup>
2146 </informaltable>
2147 </sect2>
2148
2149 <sect2>
2150 <title>Platform-specific options</title>
2151
2152 <para><xref linkend="options-platform"/></para>
2153
2154 <informaltable>
2155 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
2156 <thead>
2157 <row>
2158 <entry>Flag</entry>
2159 <entry>Description</entry>
2160 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
2161 <entry>Reverse</entry>
2162 </row>
2163 </thead>
2164 <tbody>
2165 <row>
2166 <entry><option>-msse2</option></entry>
2167 <entry>(x86 only) Use SSE2 for floating point</entry>
2168 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2169 <entry>-</entry>
2170 </row>
2171 </tbody>
2172 <tbody>
2173 <row>
2174 <entry><option>-monly-[432]-regs</option></entry>
2175 <entry>(x86 only) give some registers back to the C compiler</entry>
2176 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2177 <entry>-</entry>
2178 </row>
2179 </tbody>
2180 </tgroup>
2181 </informaltable>
2182 </sect2>
2183
2184
2185 <sect2>
2186 <title>External core file options</title>
2187
2188 <para><xref linkend="ext-core"/></para>
2189
2190 <informaltable>
2191 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
2192 <thead>
2193 <row>
2194 <entry>Flag</entry>
2195 <entry>Description</entry>
2196 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
2197 <entry>Reverse</entry>
2198 </row>
2199 </thead>
2200 <tbody>
2201 <row>
2202 <entry><option>-fext-core</option></entry>
2203 <entry>Generate <filename>.hcr</filename> external Core files</entry>
2204 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2205 <entry>-</entry>
2206 </row>
2207 </tbody>
2208 </tgroup>
2209 </informaltable>
2210 </sect2>
2211
2212
2213 <sect2>
2214 <title>Compiler debugging options</title>
2215
2216 <para><xref linkend="options-debugging"/></para>
2217
2218 <informaltable>
2219 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
2220 <thead>
2221 <row>
2222 <entry>Flag</entry>
2223 <entry>Description</entry>
2224 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
2225 <entry>Reverse</entry>
2226 </row>
2227 </thead>
2228 <tbody>
2229 <row>
2230 <entry><option>-dcore-lint</option></entry>
2231 <entry>Turn on internal sanity checking</entry>
2232 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2233 <entry>-</entry>
2234 </row>
2235 <row>
2236 <entry><option>-ddump-asm</option></entry>
2237 <entry>Dump assembly</entry>
2238 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2239 <entry>-</entry>
2240 </row>
2241 <row>
2242 <entry><option>-ddump-bcos</option></entry>
2243 <entry>Dump interpreter byte code</entry>
2244 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2245 <entry>-</entry>
2246 </row>
2247 <row>
2248 <entry><option>-ddump-cmm</option></entry>
2249 <entry>Dump C-- output</entry>
2250 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2251 <entry>-</entry>
2252 </row>
2253 <row>
2254 <entry><option>-ddump-core-stats</option></entry>
2255 <entry>Print a one-line summary of the size of the Core program
2256 at the end of the optimisation pipeline </entry>
2257 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2258 <entry>-</entry>
2259 </row>
2260 <row>
2261 <entry><option>-ddump-cpranal</option></entry>
2262 <entry>Dump output from CPR analysis</entry>
2263 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2264 <entry>-</entry>
2265 </row>
2266 <row>
2267 <entry><option>-ddump-cse</option></entry>
2268 <entry>Dump CSE output</entry>
2269 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2270 <entry>-</entry>
2271 </row>
2272 <row>
2273 <entry><option>-ddump-deriv</option></entry>
2274 <entry>Dump deriving output</entry>
2275 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2276 <entry>-</entry>
2277 </row>
2278 <row>
2279 <entry><option>-ddump-ds</option></entry>
2280 <entry>Dump desugarer output</entry>
2281 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2282 <entry>-</entry>
2283 </row>
2284 <row>
2285 <entry><option>-ddump-flatC</option></entry>
2286 <entry>Dump &ldquo;flat&rdquo; C</entry>
2287 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2288 <entry>-</entry>
2289 </row>
2290 <row>
2291 <entry><option>-ddump-foreign</option></entry>
2292 <entry>Dump <literal>foreign export</literal> stubs</entry>
2293 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2294 <entry>-</entry>
2295 </row>
2296 <row>
2297 <entry><option>-ddump-hpc</option></entry>
2298 <entry>Dump after instrumentation for program coverage</entry>
2299 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2300 <entry>-</entry>
2301 </row>
2302 <row>
2303 <entry><option>-ddump-inlinings</option></entry>
2304 <entry>Dump inlining info</entry>
2305 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2306 <entry>-</entry>
2307 </row>
2308 <row>
2309 <entry><option>-ddump-llvm</option></entry>
2310 <entry>Dump LLVM intermediate code</entry>
2311 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2312 <entry>-</entry>
2313 </row>
2314 <row>
2315 <entry><option>-ddump-occur-anal</option></entry>
2316 <entry>Dump occurrence analysis output</entry>
2317 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2318 <entry>-</entry>
2319 </row>
2320 <row>
2321 <entry><option>-ddump-opt-cmm</option></entry>
2322 <entry>Dump the results of C-- to C-- optimising passes</entry>
2323 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2324 <entry>-</entry>
2325 </row>
2326 <row>
2327 <entry><option>-ddump-parsed</option></entry>
2328 <entry>Dump parse tree</entry>
2329 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2330 <entry>-</entry>
2331 </row>
2332 <row>
2333 <entry><option>-ddump-prep</option></entry>
2334 <entry>Dump prepared core</entry>
2335 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2336 <entry>-</entry>
2337 </row>
2338 <row>
2339 <entry><option>-ddump-rn</option></entry>
2340 <entry>Dump renamer output</entry>
2341 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2342 <entry>-</entry>
2343 </row>
2344 <row>
2345 <entry><option>-ddump-rule-firings</option></entry>
2346 <entry>Dump rule firing info</entry>
2347 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2348 <entry>-</entry>
2349 </row>
2350 <row>
2351 <entry><option>-ddump-rule-rewrites</option></entry>
2352 <entry>Dump detailed rule firing info</entry>
2353 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2354 <entry>-</entry>
2355 </row>
2356 <row>
2357 <entry><option>-ddump-rules</option></entry>
2358 <entry>Dump rules</entry>
2359 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2360 <entry>-</entry>
2361 </row>
2362 <row>
2363 <entry><option>-ddump-vect</option></entry>
2364 <entry>Dump vectoriser input and output</entry>
2365 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2366 <entry>-</entry>
2367 </row>
2368 <row>
2369 <entry><option>-ddump-simpl</option></entry>
2370 <entry>Dump final simplifier output</entry>
2371 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2372 <entry>-</entry>
2373 </row>
2374 <row>
2375 <entry><option>-ddump-simpl-phases</option></entry>
2376 <entry>Dump output from each simplifier phase</entry>
2377 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2378 <entry>-</entry>
2379 </row>
2380 <row>
2381 <entry><option>-ddump-simpl-iterations</option></entry>
2382 <entry>Dump output from each simplifier iteration</entry>
2383 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2384 <entry>-</entry>
2385 </row>
2386 <row>
2387 <entry><option>-ddump-spec</option></entry>
2388 <entry>Dump specialiser output</entry>
2389 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2390 <entry>-</entry>
2391 </row>
2392 <row>
2393 <entry><option>-ddump-splices</option></entry>
2394 <entry>Dump TH spliced expressions, and what they evaluate to</entry>
2395 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2396 <entry>-</entry>
2397 </row>
2398 <row>
2399 <entry><option>-ddump-stg</option></entry>
2400 <entry>Dump final STG</entry>
2401 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2402 <entry>-</entry>
2403 </row>
2404 <row>
2405 <entry><option>-ddump-stranal</option></entry>
2406 <entry>Dump strictness analyser output</entry>
2407 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2408 <entry>-</entry>
2409 </row>
2410 <row>
2411 <entry><option>-ddump-tc</option></entry>
2412 <entry>Dump typechecker output</entry>
2413 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2414 <entry>-</entry>
2415 </row>
2416 <row>
2417 <entry><option>-ddump-types</option></entry>
2418 <entry>Dump type signatures</entry>
2419 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2420 <entry>-</entry>
2421 </row>
2422 <row>
2423 <entry><option>-ddump-worker-wrapper</option></entry>
2424 <entry>Dump worker-wrapper output</entry>
2425 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2426 <entry>-</entry>
2427 </row>
2428 <row>
2429 <entry><option>-ddump-if-trace</option></entry>
2430 <entry>Trace interface files</entry>
2431 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2432 <entry>-</entry>
2433 </row>
2434 <row>
2435 <entry><option>-ddump-tc-trace</option></entry>
2436 <entry>Trace typechecker</entry>
2437 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2438 <entry>-</entry>
2439 </row>
2440 <row>
2441 <entry><option>-ddump-vt-trace</option></entry>
2442 <entry>Trace vectoriser</entry>
2443 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2444 <entry>-</entry>
2445 </row>
2446 <row>
2447 <entry><option>-ddump-rn-trace</option></entry>
2448 <entry>Trace renamer</entry>
2449 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2450 <entry>-</entry>
2451 </row>
2452 <row>
2453 <entry><option>-ddump-rn-stats</option></entry>
2454 <entry>Renamer stats</entry>
2455 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2456 <entry>-</entry>
2457 </row>
2458 <row>
2459 <entry><option>-ddump-simpl-stats</option></entry>
2460 <entry>Dump simplifier stats</entry>
2461 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2462 <entry>-</entry>
2463 </row>
2464 <row>
2465 <entry><option>-dno-debug-output</option></entry>
2466 <entry>Suppress unsolicited debugging output</entry>
2467 <entry>static</entry>
2468 <entry>-</entry>
2469 </row>
2470 <row>
2471 <entry><option>-dppr-debug</option></entry>
2472 <entry>Turn on debug printing (more verbose)</entry>
2473 <entry>static</entry>
2474 <entry>-</entry>
2475 </row>
2476 <row>
2477 <entry><option>-dppr-noprags</option></entry>
2478 <entry>Don't output pragma info in dumps</entry>
2479 <entry>static</entry>
2480 <entry>-</entry>
2481 </row>
2482 <row>
2483 <entry><option>-dppr-user-length</option></entry>
2484 <entry>Set the depth for printing expressions in error msgs</entry>
2485 <entry>static</entry>
2486 <entry>-</entry>
2487 </row>
2488 <row>
2489 <entry><option>-dppr-colsNNN</option></entry>
2490 <entry>Set the width of debugging output. For example <option>-dppr-cols200</option></entry>
2491 <entry>static</entry>
2492 <entry>-</entry>
2493 </row>
2494 <row>
2495 <entry><option>-dppr-case-as-let</option></entry>
2496 <entry>Print single alternative case expressions as strict lets.</entry>
2497 <entry>static</entry>
2498 <entry>-</entry>
2499 </row>
2500 <row>
2501 <entry><option>-dsuppress-all</option></entry>
2502 <entry>In core dumps, suppress everything that is suppressable.</entry>
2503 <entry>static</entry>
2504 <entry>-</entry>
2505 </row>
2506 <row>
2507 <entry><option>-dsuppress-uniques</option></entry>
2508 <entry>Suppress the printing of uniques in debug output (easier to use <command>diff</command>)</entry>
2509 <entry>static</entry>
2510 <entry>-</entry>
2511 </row>
2512 <row>
2513 <entry><option>-dsuppress-idinfo</option></entry>
2514 <entry>Suppress extended information about identifiers where they are bound</entry>
2515 <entry>static</entry>
2516 <entry>-</entry>
2517 </row>
2518 <row>
2519 <entry><option>-dsuppress-module-prefixes</option></entry>
2520 <entry>Suppress the printing of module qualification prefixes</entry>
2521 <entry>static</entry>
2522 <entry>-</entry>
2523 </row>
2524 <row>
2525 <entry><option>-dsuppress-type-signatures</option></entry>
2526 <entry>Suppress type signatures</entry>
2527 <entry>static</entry>
2528 <entry>-</entry>
2529 </row>
2530 <row>
2531 <entry><option>-dsuppress-type-applications</option></entry>
2532 <entry>Suppress type applications</entry>
2533 <entry>static</entry>
2534 <entry>-</entry>
2535 </row>
2536 <row>
2537 <entry><option>-dsuppress-coercions</option></entry>
2538 <entry>Suppress the printing of coercions in Core dumps to make them shorter</entry>
2539 <entry>static</entry>
2540 <entry>-</entry>
2541 </row>
2542 <row>
2543 <entry><option>-dsource-stats</option></entry>
2544 <entry>Dump haskell source stats</entry>
2545 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2546 <entry>-</entry>
2547 </row>
2548 <row>
2549 <entry><option>-dcmm-lint</option></entry>
2550 <entry>C-- pass sanity checking</entry>
2551 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2552 <entry>-</entry>
2553 </row>
2554 <row>
2555 <entry><option>-dstg-lint</option></entry>
2556 <entry>STG pass sanity checking</entry>
2557 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2558 <entry>-</entry>
2559 </row>
2560 <row>
2561 <entry><option>-dstg-stats</option></entry>
2562 <entry>Dump STG stats</entry>
2563 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2564 <entry>-</entry>
2565 </row>
2566 <row>
2567 <entry><option>-dverbose-core2core</option></entry>
2568 <entry>Show output from each core-to-core pass</entry>
2569 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2570 <entry>-</entry>
2571 </row>
2572 <row>
2573 <entry><option>-dverbose-stg2stg</option></entry>
2574 <entry>Show output from each STG-to-STG pass</entry>
2575 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2576 <entry>-</entry>
2577 </row>
2578 <row>
2579 <entry><option>-dshow-passes</option></entry>
2580 <entry>Print out each pass name as it happens</entry>
2581 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2582 <entry>-</entry>
2583 </row>
2584 <row>
2585 <entry><option>-dfaststring-stats</option></entry>
2586 <entry>Show statistics for fast string usage when finished</entry>
2587 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2588 <entry>-</entry>
2589 </row>
2590 </tbody>
2591 </tgroup>
2592 </informaltable>
2593 </sect2>
2594
2595 <sect2>
2596 <title>Misc compiler options</title>
2597
2598 <informaltable>
2599 <tgroup cols="4" align="left" colsep="1" rowsep="1">
2600 <thead>
2601 <row>
2602 <entry>Flag</entry>
2603 <entry>Description</entry>
2604 <entry>Static/Dynamic</entry>
2605 <entry>Reverse</entry>
2606 </row>
2607 </thead>
2608 <tbody>
2609 <row>
2610 <entry><option>-fno-hi-version-check</option></entry>
2611 <entry>Don't complain about <literal>.hi</literal> file mismatches</entry>
2612 <entry>static</entry>
2613 <entry>-</entry>
2614 </row>
2615 <row>
2616 <entry><option>-dno-black-holing</option></entry>
2617 <entry>Turn off black holing (probably doesn't work)</entry>
2618 <entry>static</entry>
2619 <entry>-</entry>
2620 </row>
2621 <row>
2622 <entry><option>-fhistory-size</option></entry>
2623 <entry>Set simplification history size</entry>
2624 <entry>static</entry>
2625 <entry>-</entry>
2626 </row>
2627 <row>
2628 <entry><option>-funregisterised</option></entry>
2629 <entry>Unregisterised compilation (use <option>-unreg</option> instead)</entry>
2630 <entry>static</entry>
2631 <entry>-</entry>
2632 </row>
2633 <row>
2634 <entry><option>-fno-ghci-sandbox</option></entry>
2635 <entry>Turn off the GHCi sandbox. Means computations are run in teh main thread, rather than a forked thread.</entry>
2636 <entry>dynamic</entry>
2637 <entry>-</entry>
2638 </row>
2639 </tbody>
2640 </tgroup>
2641 </informaltable>
2642 </sect2>
2643 </sect1>
2644
2645
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